MEDICAL USE OF PANCHAGAVYA
Cow is considered as a religious animal in the Hindu civilization. Beside the religious importance of cow, Ayurveda texts have described the medical and day to day interventional importance of cow and its importance. Cow has been taken as maternal figure who serves and takes care of her children and symbol of bounty of the earth. From Lord Krishna playing with gopini and showing his Lila amongst cows to taking panchagavya in ritual functions to the modern days diary giving emphasis on cow milk serving to people, has marked the significance of cow.
Throughout the vedic literature there are verses which says that cows must be protected like mother and killing cow is a unforgivable sin. Nepal-the hub of eastern civilization has also implemented Killing or selling cow meat is a punishable offence in the law of Government of Nepal. Ayurveda describes Panchagavya as used in Worms, Skin diseases, Itching, colic pain, Jaundice, anemia, ascites, Urinary and respiratory disorders. Ayurveda is a big proponent of cow’s dairy product calling cow’s milk best of all animals’ milk calling it as equivalent to ambrosia. Dairy products are not only nutritious to act on physical level but on mental level also they balance the mind forces and promote satwik guna. Similarly not only milk Panchagavya I,e Cow’s Milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung has been mentioned as of great clinical significance in management of different diseases. Medical uses of Panchagavya has also been listed in some of the book like Drugs and Cosmetics act 1940, Government of India. Panchagavya Ghrit, one of the most famous ghee preparations which is used in Psychological disorders has been widely used and researches has been carried out by central council for research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS). Similarly Council of Scientific and Industrial research (CSIR) and Go Vigyan Anusandhan kendra , Nagpur has conducted research studies for its antioxidant and anti-cancerous property has manufactured cow urine distillate in Market and supplied in USA. Similarly cow urine in Uttar Pradesh is supplied as health drink.
There are still lots of pharma companies in India manufacturing panchagavya and related products due to huge scope and demand. Researchers have coined cowpathy as Separate branch for research and Go anusandhan kendras has been a hub centre for different foreigners.
Other uses of panchagavya is in agriculture where it is used as biofertilizer, Panchagavya contains several nutrients i.e. macronutrients like sodium, Phosphorus, Potassium and micronutrients which are required for the growth and development of plants. in South Gujarat, Panchagavya is manufactured and reported to be useful, as nasal drops, in chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis and migraine. The classical text Charak Samhita in Apasmar-Chikitsa-Adhyaya mentions Panchgavya with specific indications for Apasmar (cognitive and memory decline), Kamala (Jaundice), and Jwara (fever). Achliya et al. reported, the protective effects of Panchagavya in Chloroform-induced hepatotoxicity , This suggests the rationale of its use in jaundice as per Charak Samhita. M. Jithesh, from Kottakal reported in a review the work on Panchgavya ghrita for cognitive and mental disorders with encouraging results. Rashtriya Gokul Mission’ was announced in 2014, by the Government of India, to enhance the indigenous breed of cows (A2 type). In Ayurveda, cow’s milk has many nutritional and therapeutic benefits. Successful management of cirrhotic ascites with milk only diet has been shown in Ayurveda
If one searches ‘Google’ for ‘cow products for health’, there appear 3, 03, 00,000 results in just 0.96 s! thus panchagavya has now been cowpathy in India. Ayurveda is Self-experienced and proven ancient science by ancient Rishis which has explained about use of Panchagavya and now researches have come to conclude rationality of the explaination of those words of Maharshi Charak, Sushrut, vagbhat etc. There are still lots of pharma companies in India manufacturing panchagavya and related products due to huge scope and demand. Researchers have coined cowpathy as Separate branch for research and Go anusandhan kendras has been a hub centre for different foreigners. Nepalese being fond of cow husbandry since many eras should think of the not only protection but promotion and research of the indigenous use of Panchagavya. Thus it will be a key point of attraction as well as our own brand of cowpathy in the land of Pashupatinath.
Dr. Suman Khanal : Post Graduate Scholar (MD), Ayurveda Medicine, KLE Ayurworld, Belgaum, Karnataka, India